Clutch Control In Traffic Uphill – Learning To Drive A Manual / Stick Shift Car


** You can turn off these subtitles in the settings ** Hello I’m Chris. In this video we’re
going to have a look at hill starts and clutch control in slow moving stop-start
traffic uphill. If you’re learning how to drive a manual car and nervous about
stalling or rolling back on a hill then hopefully this video will help. To be
successful at this, you’ll need to be good at hill starts and clutch control.
Let’s first have a look at hill starts. Before driving anywhere busy, especially
uphill in traffic, you need to be confident where the biting point is as
it’s slightly different in every car. This is a good place for me to
demonstrate the biting point to you but it will be best for you to practice
somewhere quiet with no one around as it will definitely be less stressful. I’ve
got the parking brake on as this will allow me to get my feet ready to move
off. Firstly, I need to prepare the car to go, so I’ll press the clutch down, select
first gear, then slightly press the gas pedal. I’m moving off uphill so the car
will need a bit more power to get it moving than if I was on a flat road.
Getting the revs roughly up to about two helps the car not stall. It doesn’t have
to be precise and be careful not to stare the rev counter or you’ll miss
what’s going on around you. With a bit of practice you’ll get used to the sound of
the engine when you set the gas, which is better than looking at the rev counter.
I’ll now raise the clutch gently until I find the biting point. You know when
you’ve got it as the back of the car will dip down slightly and the engine
sound changes. The car now wants to move and the only thing holding it back is
the parking brake. If I didn’t have the biting point and released the parking
brake then the car would roll backwards which is something I definitely don’t
want. You can tell that the driver in front also gets the biting point as the
back of their car dips down slightly. Once you feel that you’ve got the biting
point keep the clutch still. If you raise it much more then the car will either
move off really quickly or you’ll stall. I’ve now got to keep the gas and
clutch pedal still. Release the parking brake but don’t move the clutch until
you’re driving at about a walking pace and then apply a little more gas as you
slowly raise the clutch all the way. Accelerate if it’s safe, build-up
momentum before you change up gear. Now you know how to do a hill start, the next
skill you’ll need in slow moving traffic is clutch control. I’m going to keep this
explanation of clutch control as simple as possible but if you’re looking for a
more technical explanation then have a look at the link in the description
below. I’m in first gear and if I come off the gas pedal, the car continues to
go at about five miles an hour without me pressing anything. If I want to drive
slower, I could try braking, but then the car
judders… and eventually stalls. To prevent it
stalling and to drive really slow in traffic, I need to press a clutch down
and lightly press the foot brake. To creep forward, I’ll apply a little gas
and raise the clutch to the biting point. To slow down slightly, off gas and lower
the clutch down the thickness of a pound coin. To speed up, a little gas and raise
the clutch a little. Slowly raise the clutch all the way, lightly pressing the gas
when you want to drive faster than a walking pace but bear in mind that
holding the biting point too long can wear out the clutch over time. If you release the clutch too quickly,
then you can expect to move off at speed or stall. Now you know how to move off
uphill and how to use clutch control, let’s combine the two to drive in
stop, start traffic on a hill. Traffic ahead, easing off gas a little and the
car slows down quickly because of the hill. Clutch down into first gear, little
bit of gas as the clutch slowly comes up to the biting point which then allows me
to creep at about three miles an hour. They’re slowing down ahead, off gas
clutch down, creep forward, gas, clutch back to the biting point, they’re
stopping, off gas, clutch down. Now I’ll hold the biting point with a little gas to
keep the car still. Raising the clutch about the thickness of a pound coin to
speed up and dip it down to slow down. Raise the clutch gently with a little
gas when you want to drive faster than a walking speed. If the car stalls in this
kind of situation then it could be that you’re not giving it enough gas or you’re
possibly releasing the clutch too soon. I’m turning right at the traffic lights
ahead, I’ve made sure it’s safe and moved over. Now off the gas pedal and the car
slows down quickly because of the hill. I’m driving at about five miles an hour
so clutch down first then footbrake to stop. I’ll secure the car with the parking
brake and select neutral as I’ve got a bit of a wait. I can now come off the
pedals. When you see the vehicle in front start to move, it’s very easy to panic
rush and then stall. If you often panic, then try planning further ahead, when you
see the vehicles up the road starting to move, prepare to go.
I’ve selected first gear, set the gas, raise the clutch to the biting point,
release the parking brake, feet still and then slowly bring up the clutch. A little
more gas. They’re all stopping up ahead so off gas, clutch down. I need to creep
forward, little gas and biting point. Now off gas, clutch down, footbrake gently,
parking brake on, select neutral. It’s a good idea to be able to see a little
road and the vehicle in front tyres when you stop. Bear in mind that the
driver ahead might not be very good at moving off on a hill or maybe they haven’t
fully applied the parking brake and could roll back a little. The bus wants to move into this lane.The
traffic lights are changing and I’m going to give-way to the bus. Clutch down,
select first gear, little gas, biting point, release the parking brake, clutch
down slightly to slow down or raise it gently to speed up, now off gas, clutch
down and footbrake gently to stop. Something to remember when you’re
stopping uphill is that the brakes slow the car down quicker then when you’re on a
flat road. It’s very easy to stop a bit too suddenly and have jerky stops. With practice, the time it takes to set the
gas and find the biting point will get quicker. I’ve gone round and back down the hill
and then driven back up it again to find some more situations. Planning ahead,
I’ll keep this road clear in case anyone wants to turn in or come out. Braking
gently, clutch is down, I’ll select first gear, gas, raising the clutch to the
biting point. Check my mirrors to overtake the bus. Up to 2nd, mirrors to move back in, braking gently, clutch down. Parking brake, select neutral
and I can rest my feet. It’s been red a while so I’ll prepare to go. Clutch down,
select first gear, gas, biting point, parking brake down, clutch slowly coming
up with a little more gas. This time I’m deliberately stopping a bit too early. It
can easily be done when driving uphill but if this happens to you then make
sure you’re in first gear press the gas slightly, raise the clutch back to the
biting point, then off gas, clutch down and brake softly. Using the parking brake
really makes hill starts easier as you can get your feet ready to move off
again but make sure that the parking brake is on properly or you’ll roll
backwards. As always, keep a look out for any cyclists or motorcyclists in your
mirrors who could be overtaking. Pedestrians can also step out in front
of you to cross the road When moving off, you might find that
resting the heel of your left foot on the floor as you raise the clutch can give
you better control and prevent it from springing up too quickly, causing the car
to stall. I’m turning right again at the top of the hill at traffic lights. Lightly pressing the gas. Now I’m easing off the gas, clutch down, braking gently
to stop. Now parking brake on select neutral, as I’ve got a bit of a wait. When you’re driving slowly and you want to stop, I was driving at about 6 miles
an hour, press the clutch down first, so you don’t stall and then lightly press
the footbrake to stop. If I was driving faster, I’d press the footbrake first to
slow down and about two car lengths before stopping press the clutch to
prevent the car from stalling. I can see the vehicles up the road
starting to move, so clutch is down, I’m in first gear, now I need to set the gas,
that’s very important. Find the biting point, parking brake down,
feet still for a couple of seconds and then clutch up gently. Two common reasons
for stalling on a hill, not enough gas or raising the clutch a bit too quickly. I’m
stopping, so off gas, clutch down and braking gently to stop. Parking brake on,
select neutral and I can come off the pedals. Your choice of footwear when
driving is important. To help you feel the pedals, choose a type of shoe that
has enough grip and doesn’t have a thick sole. Let’s do one more hill start. Don’t
forget to set the gas first then find the biting point with the clutch. If you
hear the revs drop down as you move off then press the gas slightly a little
more. If you let the revs drop down too low, especially in an older car with a
small petrol engine then there’s a good chance it will stall. But don’t overdo
the amount of gas or you could move off too quickly or even wheelspin. It’s also
really important when moving off on an uphill to actually get the biting point,
don’t just think you’ve got it but make sure you feel the back of the car drop
down slightly and the engine sound will change. If when you release the parking
brake the car doesn’t move or moves very slowly then raise the clutch slightly
again about the thickness of a pound coin, but if you move off uphill without
the biting point then it will definitely roll back, so be careful. As with all aspects of driving, you’ll get better at hill starts in traffic with
practice and experience. As usual, it’s highly recommended that you practice
this with a qualified instructor. Thanks very much for watching our video. Really hope it helps. Please subscribe to our channel as it helps us make more.
Stay safe on the road and bye for now.

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